Epigram 9.81

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Descriptions

Codex Palatinus 23, p. 369

Texts

μὴ εἴπῃς θάνατον βιοτῆς ὅρον εἰσὶ καμοῦσιν,
ὡς ζωοῖς, ἀρχαὶ συμφορέων ἕτεραι.
ἄθρει Νικίεω Κῴου μόρον ἤδη ἔκειτο
εἰν ἀίδῃ, νεκρὸς δ᾽ ἦλθεν ὑπ᾽ ἠέλιον

ἀστοὶ γὰρ τύμβοιο μετοχλίσσαντες ὀχῆας,
εἴρυσαν ἐς ποινὰς τλήμονα δυσθανέα.

— Paton edition

不要告诉我死亡就是生命的终结。死者和生者一样,都有自己的痛苦原因。看看科斯的尼西亚斯的命运,他已经在冥府安息了,现在他的尸体又被再次挖掘出来暴露在天光之下。他的同胞,强行打开他坟墓的门闩,把这个可怜的、垂死的可怜虫拖出来接受惩罚。

— Edition Jie Han

Cities

Comments

#1

Nicias was the tyrant of Cos late in the first century B.C. We have coins with his head and numerous inscriptions in his honour.

#2

Grotius renders δυσθανέα as if it were δισθανέα, "twice dead," but the meaning of δυσθανέα is that they, so to speak, prolonged his agony as if he were still alive.

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